The Employment Service in India came into existence, mainly under the stress of post war demobilization. Towards the end of second world war the need for a machinery which could handle orderly absorption in civil life, a large number of service personnel and war workers, who were about to be released, was keenly felt. Having regard to the complexity of the problem and in order to ensure uniformity in policies and effective co-ordination of efforts, it was considered necessary that the proposed machinery be directed and controlled by the Central Government. In accordance with a scheme, the Directorate General of Resettlement and Employment was set up in July 1945, and Employment Exchange were opened in several parts of the country. With the partition of the country in 1947, the Employment Exchanges were called upon to deal with resettlement of a large number of persons, who were displaced. By 1948, in response to popular demand, scope of the service was extended to all categories of applicants. This transition of the Employment Service from a resettlement agency to an all India placement organisation resulted in an enormous increase of work. From 1st November 1956 administrative control of the Employment Service was transferred to the respective states by the Government of India.
Set Up Of Madhya Pradesh Employment Service
At present 51 Employment Exchanges are functioning in the State, 45 as District Employment Exchanges, 1 Town Employment Exchange, 1 Special Employment Exchange for Physically Handicapped Persons, 1 Project Employment Exchange, 1 Coaching cum Guidance Centre for SC/ST, 1 Employment Exchange - Extension counter and 1 Directorate office. The main functions of the Employment Department are as below:
Registration And Placement Of Job-Seekers In Gainful Employment
- Providing Vocational and Career Guidance to job-seekers who visit Employment Exchanges as well as to students of Schools Colleges and Universities.
- Publication and dissemination of occupational and career guidance literature.
- Enforcement of the Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act 1959.
- Disbursement of Un-employment Allowance to the educated un-employed registrants.
- Occupational Information Unit in Directorate studies and analyses various occupants, collects and compiles occupational information regarding training facilities available in the State.
- Collection and compilation of statistics regarding Employment Market Information.
- Providing employment assistance and guidance to those persons who are desirous of going abroad for employment, higher education or professional training.
Vocational Guidance Programme
The main objective of this programme is to provide guidance and employment counseling to students of schools/colleges and un-employed youth registered with the Employment Exchanges keeping in view their educational and mental capacities, interests, aptitudes and present employment trends. The Vocational Guidance is free and voluntary and is available to all the registrants and the students of schools colleges and universities. 15 Vocational Guidance Units and four Deputy Directors (Vocational Guidance) are functioning in the State.
Employment Market Information (EMI)
This program envisages quarterly study of employment situation in the state. The information thus collected is analyzed, compiled and submitted to the Director General of Employment & Training, Government of India, Ministry of Labour, New Delhi and State Planning Board for formulating manpower scheme. This program helps in identifying the changes in the pattern of employment and occupations in the State and extent of shortages and surplus of various types of workers. the program covers all establishments in Public Sector including Quasi Government establishments and those in Private Sector (Non-Agricultural) which normally employ 10 persons or more.
Enforcement Of Compulsory Notification Of Vacancies Act - 1959
With a view to ensuring proper compliance of the provisions of Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959 and Enforcement Cell was setup in the Directorate of Employment Madhya Pradesh in July 1974. Its main purpose is to acquaint and guide the employers both in Public and Private Sectors about the provisions and requirements of the said Act to notify all the vacancies to the nearest employment exchange.
The Government is giving top priority to the promotion of self-employment in the State particularly among the educated un-employed youth. In order to have information about the different viable projects in each District.
Career Literature / Publication
A Career Study Centre was established in 1971 in the Directorate of Employment Madhya Pradesh on the guidelines supplied by the Directorate General of Employment & Training, New Delhi. The main purpose of centre is to prepare Career literature and publications.
Recently a Employment Portal is developed so as to assist the Job Seekers and Employers to access each other through common platform under the desired criteria or as per their demand. This portal will also help in career guidance and vocational training too.
Job Fairs are also being organized for Private Sector Employer so that more and more Job Seekers can be employed. The response and results are amazing.